EUDET Activities JRA3 Front-end Electronic  · 

Front-end Electronic

Task E: Front-end electronics

One very difficult and completely new aspect of the proposed analog calorimeters is that the electronics readout will be embedded inside the detector. This greatly reduces the electronics noise by reducing the parasitic capacitance and minimizes the number of connections to the outside, bringing only out one digital data line per 100 channels. Furthermore this design keeps dead space to a minimum, thus minimizing the Molière radius and allowing more compact showers which is essential for the particle flow algorithm.
This puts severe constraints on the front-end electronics which must handle large dynamic range signals with extremely low electronics noise while operating at extremely low power, through a scheme of pulsed power mode. Also digitization will be performed inside the frontend chip to minimize the transmission of sensitive analog signals and preserve data integrity. This results in a complex and sophisticated read-out ASIC, which will advance the state of the art of calorimeter front-end electronics. This newly developed front-end ASIC would be adapted to different detectors, e.g. the Si-detectors of the proposed ECAL or the SiPM photo detectors for the proposed analogue HCAL. Two prototypes are foreseen in 0.35 μm SiGe technology and several blocks have already been tested by the microelectronics groups in CALICE. Then, a prototype of the final configuration could be fabricated to be integrated and tested in the modules described in tasks A and B. This will also require the development of prototype motherboards that are integrated inside the detector and hold these ASICs and the silicon detector. They would be “stitchable” so that identical motherboards would be assembled in a slab and used everywhere in the calorimeter for cost efficiency. Depending on the application the chips will be integrated into different types of readout boards. For the ECAL they will be inside the active area, for the HCAL they can either be mounted very close to the active planes, or also be mounted inside the active area. The chip will be designed as being highly configurable, so that it can be adapted to a wide range of analogue HCAL readout systems.
The digital version of the hadronic calorimeter needs a much simpler read out, the signal from a gaseous detector being kept in one or two bits. The idea for the one bit read out is to use comparators and do the zero suppression and the formatting in FPGAs; a digital ASIC for this purpose is also under consideration. These in turn will be read through a token ring. For the prototype the number of pads will be few 100 000.


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